Siddhartha Gotma Buddha
Siddhartha Gotma Buddha: Siddhartha was baptized around 566 BC, Born in the Lumbini Garden. His surname was Gotama (gotra). He was the only son of a tribal chief whose tribe the Shakyas was called in Kapilavastu, the capital of Napalese Terai. He was a Kshatriya.
Gotma Buddha was perfect with luxurious life before he was twenty-nine. He ordered his beloved wife and a small son in order and began to lead an ascetic life under a tree in a jungle. He took the means of self-killing to cleanse his soul and reach nirvana. With several years of spiritual practice, he became Buddha (the enlightened) and could inspire many people who became his followers. He and his followers devoted their lives to the “Mid Way,” a lifestyle halfway between a completely ascetic lifestyle and a worldly avoidance of two extremes of heavy repentance or intolerable ascetic practices. It consists of the Noble Eightfold Path – “Correct Views, Proper Determination, Proper Speech, Right Behavior, Proper Living, Proper Effort, Proper Memory and Proper Meditation.” It is also about the elimination of thirst or desire that causes rebirth and consequent suffering and carries the philosophy of sarvam dukkham means that everything is sad. Desire is liable to a person to himself, which is temporary. This is the Buddhist concept of the Sarvam anityam, i. everything is temporary. He has been preaching for decades in the Bihar and Uttar Kadesh region and breathed his last in his eighties.
The religion of the Buddha, which was known to him as Buddhism, proclaimed a moral way of life without ritual performances or the worship of the gods. Thus, it was regarded as one of the great challenges for Vedicism due to its rapid popularity among people.